High-Risk Breast Cancer Management
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High-Risk Breast Cancer Management

High-Risk Breast Cancer Management

Reducing your risk of developing breast cancer is a priority. The Breast Health Center stands ready to ensure that you are well on your way to staying healthy and strong by offering a high-risk management program designed to treat women who have an increased risk of cancer. Our program offers:

  • Statistical models to calculate your actual lifetime risk of breast cancer
  • Clinical evaluations and tools to help identify and treat high-risk women
  • Regular proactive screenings such as MRIs and mammography
  • Genetic counseling if you have a family history of breast or ovarian cancers
  • Personalized recommendations for follow-up

Every woman should be aware of her breast cancer risks.

Risk factors that cannot be changed include:

  • Gender—breast cancer occurs nearly 100 times more often in women than in men
  • Aging—two out of three women with invasive cancer are diagnosed after age 55
  • Personal history of breast cancer—if you have had breast cancer before, you are more likely to have breast cancer again in that breast or in the other breast
  • Radiation to the chest wall—radiation, as treatment for other forms of cancer, especially after age 30
  • Family history and genetic factors—having a close relative, such as a mother or sister, with breast cancer increases the risk, as does history of early breast cancer in the family and family history of male breast cancer. This includes changes in certain genes, such as BRCA1, BRCA2 and others.
  • Benign breast disease—women with certain benign breast conditions, such as atypical hyperplasia, have an increased risk of breast cancer
  • Early menstrual periods—women whose periods began early in life (before age 12) have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer
  • Late menopause—women are at a slightly higher risk if they began menopause later in life (after age 55)

 

Commonly cited lifestyle-related risk factors include:

  • Not having children, or having your first child after age 30
  • More than 10 years, use of oral contraceptives
  • Physical inactivity
  • Alcohol use (more than 2 drinks per day)
  • Smoking
  • Long-term, postmenopausal use of combined estrogen and progestin (HRT) for more than five years
  • Weight gain and obesity, especially after menopause
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